Network configurations in the human brain reflect choice-bias during rapid face processing

Network interactions are likely to be instrumental in processes underlying rapid perception and cognition. Specifically, high-level and perceptual regions must interact to balance pre-existing models of the environment with new incoming stimuli. Simultaneous EEG/fMRI allows for the temporal characterization of brain-network interactions combined with improved anatomical localization of regional activity. In this paper we use simultaneous EEG/fMRI and multivariate dynamical systems (MDS) analysis to characterize network relationships between constitute brain areas that reflect a subject’s choice for a face versus non-face categorization task. Our simultaneous EEG and fMRI analysis on 21 human subjects (12 males, 9 females) identifies early perceptual and late frontal subsystems that are selective to the categorical choice of faces versus non-faces. We analyze the interactions between these subsystems using a MDS in the space of the BOLD signal. Our main findings show that differences between face choice and house choice networks are seen in the network interactions between the early and late subsystems, and that the magnitude of the difference in network interaction positively correlates with the behavioral false positive rate of face choices. We interpret this to reflect the role of saliency and expectations likely encoded in frontal “late” regions on perceptual processes occurring in “early” perceptual regions.

Accepted 2 November 2017
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