A system for single-trial analysis of simultaneously acquired EEG and fMRI

In this paper we describe a system for simultaneously acquiring EEG and fMRI and evaluate it in terms of discriminating, single-trial, task-related neural components in the EEG. Using an auditory oddball stimulus paradigm, we acquire EEG data both inside and outside a 1.5T MR scanner and compare both power spectra and single-trial discrimination performance for both conditions. We find that EEG activity acquired inside the MR scanner during echo planer image acquisition is of high enough quality to enable single-trial discrimination performance that is 95 % of that acquired outside the scanner. We conclude that EEG acquired simultaneously with fMRI is of high enough fidelity to permit single-trial analysis.

Accepted 2 May 2007
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